NEW! From April 2017 onwards, a new nine-valent HPV vaccine is available that offers wider and more comprehensive coverage of HPV-related diseases. Read below for more information. Call or Email us for enquiries!
HPV Vaccine in Singapore
What is HPV and HPV Infection?
HPV stands for Human Papillomavirus, is a virus that can infect both males and females and cause potentially serious diseases. There are more than 100 types of HPV strains which can be broadly classified into two categories: High-risk (oncogenic) HPV types and low-risk (non-oncogenic) HPV types.
High-risk (oncogenic) HPV types can cause cancer. The more common high risk HPV types are 16, 18, 31, 33, 45, 52, and 58 which are responsible for the majority of HPV-related cancer such as cervical, anal, vaginal, and vulvar cancers.
Low-risk (non-oncogenic) HPV types do not cause cancer, but they can cause cauliflower-shaped growths like genital warts (condylomata acuminata). HPV Types 6 and 11 are responsible for approximately 90% of all genital warts cases. They usually present as multiple growths – usually 5 to 15, 1-10 mm diameter and usually found in areas of trauma during sex. There may also be co-infection with oncogenic “high-risk” HPV. These high risk cancer causing HPV may give rise to subclinical lesions, intraepithelial neoplasia (IN) and anogenital cancer.
The HPV vaccination is used to protect against the following diseases that can be caused by various types of HPV:
- Cervical cancer
- Vulvar and vaginal cancers
- Anal cancer
- Precancerous cervical, vulvar, vaginal and anal lesions
- Genital warts