What is Gonorrhoea / Gonorrhea?

Gonorrhoea is a sexually transmitted infection caused by the bacteria Neisseria gonorrhoeae.

Gonorrhoea can infect the urethra, the endocervix or vaginal canal, the rectum, the pharynx or mouth and the conjunctiva.

Incubation Period of Gonorrhoea

2 days to 1 week

Symptoms of Gonorrhoea

  • Profuse purulent discharge ( white, yellow, green discharge ) from the affected genital site ( e.g. urethra, vagina, mouth, or anus )
  • Pain and Burning sensation during urination / micturition ( Dysuria )
  • Asymptomatic
  • Can spread to other parts of the body like the testis, seminal vesicles and prostate and also to the joints, skin and heart.
  • Can cause infertility, ectopic pregnancy and pelvic inflammatory disease in females.

Testing for Gonorrhoea

  • Clinical signs and symptoms
  • Smear and culture swab tests from infected areas ( urethra, throat, rectum and cervix )
  • Urine PCR test
  • Blood tests are generally not useful

Follow Up for Gonorrhoea

Follow-up testing is recommended 2-4 weeks after treatment to ensure that infection has been completely cleared.

Blood testing for syphillis and HIV is recommended as well.

Prevention of Gonorrhoea

Practice safe sex. Use condoms correctly and everytime you have sex.

All sexual contacts in the last 2 months of exposure should be screened and treated.

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